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The Tswana

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Matthews Bantsijang

Matthews Bantsijang

Matthews Bantsijang

Matthews Bantsijang

The Tswanas are a tribe who migrated from East Africa to southern Africa during the 14th century. The origin of the name "Tswana" is a mystery, but is applied to a number of groups who all speak the same language, have similar customs, but separate names.

The Tswana migrated into central southern Africa in the 14th century. As hunters, herders and cultivators they found the high plains to their liking. Game animals abounded, the grass was excellent for cattle, there were no serious endemic livestock diseases and the soil was deep and easy to cultivate. Sorghum, beans, pumpkins, sweet melons and gourds were planted, and the Tswana found that maize, introduced by the Portuguese into the country, was also highly productive.

The history of the Tswana people is one of continual dissension and fission where disputes, sometimes over chieftain ascendancy, resulted in a section of the tribe breaking away from the main tribe, under the leadership of a dissatisfied chief's relative, and settling elsewhere. Often the name of the man who led the splinter group was taken as the new tribe's name.

Today there are 59 different groups in South Africa who now accept the overall name of Tswana. About three-fourths of the Tswana people live in South Africa. Only about one-fourth live in Botswana, the country named after them.

The Tswana are closely related to the Sotho (of Lesotho and South Africa). The Sotho-Tswana are bonded in language and customs. They claim a common ancestor, Mogale. They share an agrarian culture, social structures, political organization, religious and magical beliefs and also a family life.

All the Sotho and Tswana languages are inherently intelligible, but for political and historical reasons, they have generally been considered as three languages. The larger sub-tribes are often considered as separate tribes with their separate languages.

Traditional Tswana society included men, women, children and "badimo" (ancestors, living dead, having metaphysical powers). A Tswana does not think interms of individual rights, but of responsibilities to his family and tribe. The father is to be obeyed and respected by his wife and children at all times.

The Sotho-Tswana are organized by lineages, which developed as the tribe grew. The lineages are organized in subunits and communities. Every level exhibits the same social organization, such as the Kgotla, the traditional court, with various officials assigned various duties in the social structure at each level. In traditional Tswana religion (tribal animism) "Modimo" is the great God, or "The Great Spirit."

Because of the fact that job availability in Botswana is changing from rural to urban, many Tswanas are leaving the villages and not returning. Thus the Tswana are fast becoming a modern secular society, in Botswana as well as South Africa.

Reading
Wikipedia
Botswana Tradional States
SA Tourism - The Tswana
Setswana Blog







Comments

Ke leboga thata Rre Lesiba,o ntlhaile botlhale.

Posted by: Ezekiel

Bagaetsho kekopa leng patlisetse ba loleko la "Boer".

Posted by: Pule Boer

“Leboko la Bahurutshe”

Mmamokgatiti wa lewa
Tshwene ke naiwa mmele
Makopong ga ke naiwe
Kesirelediwa ke seriba

Tshwene fa di ya masimo
Go eta tshwenegadi pele
Rotwe a sale kwa morago
A sale a di retolola

Ke ne ke fudile ka tlatsa
Ka kgopiwa ka relela ka wa
Papalo tsa ya le maritse
Matlapa ‘etsho a borethe

Tseo, ke tshwene tsa ga Malope-a-Masilo
Bag a. Sebogodi-aMenwe-a-Moilwa
Bana ba ntswe la Tswenyane

Posted by: Tshepang Lesiba


Ke kopa leboko la barolong le setso ka botlalo.

Posted by: Gomolemo

Bagaetsho ke kopa mongwe yo o itseng sereto sa Batshweneng, a ntlhabe botlhale.

Posted by: Onewang

I want to know about the Tswana Culture as I am a Tswana by birth but does not know my roots or origin, as for rituals for my culture and is there any website a person can find, if so please help I want to know.

Posted by: Wesi Sebogodi

Kekopa thuso bagaetsho, Bahurutse ba ana tshwene kgotsa phofu?le gona ke kopa o a itseng sereto sa bona a nthuse tlhe.

Posted by: Ezekiel kgwele

Barolong ba simollotse ba bina tshipi, Noto.. Yare ka nako nngwe ya lesekere, ba bona tholo, bae sala morago ya ba hitlhisa kwa gonang le metsi, mme ba tholo mmogo le tshipi!



Posted by: mothusi


Go bina le go ana,a go nale phapano? fa ele teng ke eng,nna ke mmina tholo,mongwe oa mpotsa gore tholo e ke e binaang e tswa kae?nna ga itsi.nna ke re diphologolo tsotlhe di tswa kwa sekgweng,tumelo ya ka ke gore motsoga pele o kgatlhilwe ke tholo e mme a e bina kgotsa gona go e ana,gore o kopane le yona kae ga ke itsi.ge o nale kitso nthute,itsane thuto ga e tsofalelwe.

Posted by: mphage matlakale wa ntswaku

Madume bana ba mmala wa sebilo,ke kgwedi ya ngwao boswa/kgwedi ya ntlha ya ngwaga ke solofela e le leretse ditsotlhe tse le lakatsang,ke gola ke ikitsi gore ke morolong,mmina tholo.ke dumela gore go ana le go bina go a tshwana.a go nale phapano?ge le teng ke eng?motho ne a botsa gore tholo e ke e binang e tswa kae?ka tlhoka karabo,ditholo di tswa kae ntle le kwa sekgweng?

Posted by: mphage matlakale wa ntswaku

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